한국의 대통령 선거를 바라보는 일본 언론-대일・대북(対日・対北)정책을 주시

안녕하세요? 이번 기사에서는 한국의 대선을 바라보는 일본 언론의 입장을 소개해 보려고 합니다. 일본의 대표 언론기관인 요미우리 신문은 11월 27일 신문 사설을 통하여 한국의 대통령 선거에 대한 입장을 밝혔습니다. 사설의 제목은 「한국 대통령선거 대일, 대북 정책을 주시해야」입니다. (韓国大統領選挙 対日・北政策を注視したい)

우선은 한일 관계에 주목하며, 일본에 큰 영향력을 줄 선거가 될 것임을 말하고 있습니다. 또한, 새누리당 박근혜 후보와 제1야당인 민주통합당 문재인 후보의 사실상 양자 대결이라고 평하고 있습니다.

박근혜 후보에 대해서는 일본과의 국교정상화를 통해 한국을 고도경제성장노선으로 이끈 박정희 대통령의 딸이라고 소개하고 있습니다. 한편, 문재인 후보에 대해서는 김대중 정권 이래의 흐름을 밟았으며, 박정희 대통령 시절에 장기 독재에 반대하고 투옥되었으며, 인권변호사로서 활동하고, 노무현 대통령의 비서실장이었다는 사실도 소개하고 있습니다. 같은 세대이지만 너무나 다른 두 사람의 정치색은 선명하며, 격렬한 논쟁이 될 것을 예상하고 있습니다.

흥미를 끄는 것은 독도에 대한 문제입니다. 특히, 문재인 후보는 독도문제에 대하여 「더 이상 조용한 외교를 하지 않을 것이다」라고 표명했으며, 위안부문제에서도 일본정부에게 법적 책임을 물으려고 한 것에 대하여 유감을 표명하고 있습니다. 마지막으로 강경책으로 한일관계를 정체시킨 참여정부의 재현이 이루어질 수도 있음을 우려하고 있는데요, 대표적인 보수 언론답게 암시적으로 박근혜 후보를 지지하고 있음을 느낄 수 있었습니다.

두 번째로, 북한과의 관계에 대해서도 주시하고 있습니다.

문재인 대통령 후보는 대북융화정책을 계승하려고 하며, 식량과 비료를 대규모로 지원하려 함을 소개하고 있습니다. 문재인 후보에 대해서는 핵 폐기에 대한 요구를 어떻게 할 것인지 명확하게 하길 원하고 있습니다.

박근혜 대통령 후보에 대해서는, 관계발전을 위해서는 정상회담도 거부하지 않겠으나, 북한의 도발을 저지하며, 동시에 신뢰양성에 근거한 관계를 만들어 나가려 한다고 소개하고 있습니다. 박근혜 후보에 대해서는 현실적인 정책이라고 평가하고 있습니다.

 현재, 일본의 분위기는 중국, 한국과의 외교 관계에서 위기를 맞고 있는 만큼 보수층이 결집하고 있는 모습입니다. 어느 나라이건 불문하고 외교에 대하여 사람들은, ‘외교만은 국익을 절대적으로 중시해야 한다’는 경향이 있다고 생각합니다.  그렇지만, 내셔널리즘으로는 진정한 평화가 있을 수 없습니다. 이상적인 이야기이지만, 앞으로는 점진적으로 「양보의 외교」가 실현 되었으면 좋겠습니다. 그렇지 않으면 어느 한 순간 균형이 어긋나게 되고 역사는 반복될 것이기 때문입니다. 이상적인 세상은 이루는 것이 아니라 다가가는 것이 아닐까요? 이상 김주영 기자입니다.

 

The Japanese Media’s Perspective on the South Korea’s Presidential Elections:

Its Focus on Korea’s Japan, North Korea Policies

This article will present Japanese media’s perception and specific interests regarding the South Korea’s presidential elections. Yomiuri Newspaper, one of Japan’s prominent newspapers, announced its stance on South Korea’s presidential elections through a November 27th editorial. The editorial was titled [South Korea’s presidential election policies on Japan and North Korea must be observed].

First it paid attention to the relation between South Korea and Japan, and stated that the elections will have a profound impact on the South Korean society and its surrounding region. Also, it commented that the elections can be simply put as a confrontation between the incumbent Saenuri Party candidate Park Geun-hye and the largest opposition party, the Democratic United Party candidate Moon Jae-in. It introduced candidate Park Geun-hye as the daughter of late President Park Chung-hee who had led the great economic development of South Korea through the normalization of the diplomatic relations with Japan. Meanwhile, it introduced candidate Moon Jae-in as entering the political scene following Kim Dae-jung’s administration, and for being jailed for opposing the prolonged dictatorship of Park Chung-hee during his time. It also introduced him as a lawyer who was active in the human rights movement, and also for being President Roh Moo-hyun’s chief secretary. The two of them are from the same generation but they have a very different political color and forecasted a very intense argument between them.

  The issue on the island of Dokdo drew a lot of interest. Candidate Moon Jae-in indicated that [there will no longer be quiet diplomacy] regarding the Dokdo issue, and it regretted to hear that Candidate Moon was seeking to have the Japanese Government take responsibility for the issue on the comfort woman. It also worried that Roh Moo-hyun’s administration’s hard-line policy towards Japan, which resulted in stalling South Korea-Japan relations, would be revived. As a noted conservative media, one can sense that it was silently leaning towards supporting candidate Park Geun-hye.

Secondly, it observed the candidates’ North Korea policies.

It stated that presidential candidate Moon Jae-in would implement a policy of achieving harmony with North Korea, and was planning to send large amount of food and fertilizer as aid. It also wanted a clear answer from candidate Moon on how he would handle the nuclear wastes.

On presidential candidate Park Geun-hye, it stated that she wouldn’t decline a summit in order for relations to progress, but she would block the provocations of North Korea, while working to make a relation with confidence building measures. It has evaluated candidate Park Geun-hye’s policy as being more realistic.

 

10-ju-yeong-name-card

 

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